Question: Can Photocopies Be Used As Evidence In Court?

Is police statement admissible in court?

Under section 25 of the Indian Evidence Act, a confession to a Police officer is inadmissible in evidence, and hence when an accused person confesses during the Police investigation the Police frequently get it record by a Magistrate under section 164 Criminal Procedure Code, and it can then be used to the extent to ….

Who files the charge sheet?

On the basis of the investigation, the police are required to form an opinion. If the police think that the evidence points to the guilty of the accused person, then they file a chargesheet in the court. It is not the job of a police to decide whether a person is guilty or innocent, that is for the judge to decide.

How can email be investigated and used as evidence?

E-mail forensic analysis is used to study the source and content of e-mail message as evidence, identifying the actual sender, recipient and date and time it was sent, etc. to collect credible evidence to bring criminals to justice. This paper is an attempt to illustrate e-mail architecture from forensics perspective.

What is the first rule of evidence?

What is the first rule of evidence? Relevancy is the first rule of evidence. Legally Relevant. = any evidence having a. tendency to make the existence of any fact.

What are the five rules of evidence?

These relate to five properties that evidence must have to be useful.Admissible.Authentic.Complete.Reliable.Believable.

Most people realize that the law generally requires a written, signed agreement for a transaction to be legally binding. What most people do not realize, however, is that an email exchange can also satisfy the legal requirements and collectively constitute a binding contract.

What evidence Cannot be used in court?

The general rule is that all irrelevant evidence is inadmissible and all relevant evidence is admissible. There are two basic factors that are considered when determining whether evidence is admissible or not: Relevant – The evidence must prove or disprove an important fact in the criminal case.

Can emails be used in court as evidence?

Like with other pieces of documented evidence, an email can be used against someone in a case. … Therefore, to get emails admitted, lawyers must often take extra steps to demonstrate their reliability while still satisfying other rules of evidence that apply to other forms of communication.

Can a police investigation be based on photocopy of documents?

Simply stated, a photocopy to be admissible as evidence has to be a certified copy of the original document. … Most importantly in cases where the original document has been destroyed or lost and cannot be recovered by any means then also a copy of documents can form the basis of an investigation.

Can an IP address be used as evidence?

Yes an IP address can be used against you in a criminal matter. It is very easily determined by your ISP if the IP Address belongs to which home.

What are the 3 rules of evidence?

There are four Rules of Evidence; Validity, Sufficiency, Authenticity and Currency. The Rules of Evidence are very closely related to the Principles of Assessment and highlight the important factors around evidence collection.

Are photocopies admissible in court?

A duplicate is admissible to the same extent as the original unless a genuine question is raised about the original’s authenticity or the circumstances make it unfair to admit the duplicate.

What evidence is admissible in court?

Evidence and witnesses It can be spoken evidence, or in the form of a document or object. In most cases, evidence is provided by witnesses who can tell the court what they saw or heard (or in some cases, smelt or touched). Witnesses may also introduce physical evidence – such as weapons, drugs, fingerprints and so on.

Which is the best evidence?

Best evidence, also known as primary evidence, usually denotes an original writing, which is considered the most reliable proof of its existence and its contents. If it is available to, and obtainable by, a party, it must be offered into evidence at a trial.

What are the 4 types of evidence?

There are four types evidence by which facts can be proven or disproven at trial which include:Real evidence;Demonstrative evidence;Documentary evidence; and.Testimonial evidence.