Quick Answer: What Are The Categories Of Procurement?

What are indirect categories?

Indirect Procurement categories include, but are not limited to: Marketing-related services (media buying, agencies) Professional Services (consultants, advisers) Travel Management services (Travel desk office) IT related services (hardware, software).

What are the 7 steps of the strategic management process?

Step 1 – Review or develop Vision & Mission. … Step 2 – Business and operation analysis (SWOT Analysis etc) … Step 3 – Develop and Select Strategic Options. … Step 4 – Establish Strategic Objectives. … Step 5 – Strategy Execution Plan. … Step 6 – Establish Resource Allocation. … Step 7 – Execution Review.

What is a category strategy?

Put simply; a category strategy defines what a category needs to do to perform optimally. In other words, it’s a means to drive sales of a specific group of products and can be implemented at store level. More than that, it’s also defined by the role the category takes on within your stores.

What are examples of KPIs?

Examples of Financial KPIsGrowth in Revenue.Net Profit Margin.Gross Profit Margin.Operational Cash Flow.Current Accounts Receivables.Inventory Turnover.EBITDA.

What are the stages of procurement?

These are the important stages in the procurement process flow:Step 0: Needs Recognition. … Step 1: Purchase Requisition. … Step 2: Requisition review. … Step 3: Solicitation process. … Step 4: Evaluation and contract. … Step 5: Order management. … Step 6: Invoice approvals and disputes. … Step 7: Record Keeping.

What are the 5 Rights of procurement?

These are often called the “Five Rights” of procurement and supply….We will give a brief overview of the five rights (or five Rs) of procurement, and the importance of achieving them here as follows:The “Right Quality”: … The “Right Quantity”: … The “Right Place”: … The “Right Time”: … The “Right Price”:

What is an example of procurement?

Procurement is the act of getting something, particularly military supplies. An example of procurement is getting enough guns to equip an army.

What are the six sourcing strategies?

What’s Your Sourcing Strategy?Outsourcing. Having suppliers provide goods and services that were previously provided internally.Insourcing. Delegating a job to someone within the company.Nearsourcing. … Vertical integration. … Few or many suppliers. … Joint ventures. … Virtual enterprise.

What are commodities in procurement?

A commodity procurement/merchandiser will work with one or more commodities needed by a particular company. … They are the point of contact for suppliers and external market consultants and support the commodity groups by negotiating cost saving initiatives and cost mitigation efforts.

What category does procurement fall under?

How Category Management Can Decrease Your PO Processing Time. In any organization, procurement is one of the main departments of the company that touches and manages organizational spend.

What are the 4 goals of purchasing?

What are the 4 goals of purchasing?Lower costs. This is by far the primary function of the purchasing department.Reduce risk and ensure the security of supply.Manage relationships.Pursue innovation.

What are the 7 stages of procurement?

The 7 Key Steps of a Procurement ProcessStep 1 – Identify Goods or Services Needed. … Step 2 – Consider a List of Suppliers. … Step 3 – Negotiate Contract Terms with Selected Supplier. … Step 4 – Finalise the Purchase Order. … Step 5 – Receive Invoice and Process Payment. … Step 6 – Delivery and Audit of the Order. … Step 7 – Maintain Accurate Record of Invoices.

Which is an example of a commodity?

Grain, precious metals, electricity, oil, beef, orange juice, and natural gas are traditional examples of commodities, but foreign currencies, emissions credits, bandwidth, and certain financial instruments are also part of today’s commodity markets.

What are the best practices in procurement?

Steps to ensure spend transparency in the procurement process:Define and implement procurement policies properly.Monitor and document every step of the procurement process.Identify and manage a list of approved supplier lists.Establish fool-proof procurement contracts.Conduct frequent audits.

What is a procurement category?

Procurement categories are groupings of similar goods or services with common supply and demand drivers and suppliers. Example: A pen is a good whereas stationery could be the procurement category. A procurement category can be defined at any level above a single procurement.

What are the KPI for procurement?

Listed below are eleven procurement KPIs that every organization should keep track of:Compliance rate.Supplier defect rate.PO and invoice accuracy.Rate of emergency purchases.Supplier lead time.PO cycle time.Vendor availability.Cost per invoice and PO.More items…•

What is the procurement life cycle?

The procurement cycle describes the step-by-step process used for identifying the requirement for the company to retrieve the product or contract. … Both public and corporate funds must be managed responsibly when going through this cycle.

What is the difference between goods and commodities?

Commodities are something used to make goods. And goods go to the end users. For instance, flour is commodity and bread is goods. If I tell you in a very informal way then commodity is a species of molecule/grain or whatever.

What is supplier category?

Supplier category management programs involve the strategic development, assessment, and monitoring of procurement and supplier performance in specific supplier categories. The ultimate goal of supplier category management is to establish deep relationships with suppliers to gain maximum benefit from sourcing.

What is Procurement Strategy?

What is a procurement strategy? The term procurement strategy refers to a long-term plan to cost-effectively acquire the necessary supplies from a list of efficient vendors who will deliver quality goods on time, abiding by the purchasing terms.